Pappu & Pachi Pulusu
In this A-Z challenge, Journey Through Telangana Cuisine, I knew right away what I was going to do for some of the letters. One such letter is ‘P’. It was always ‘P’ for pachi pulusu and since pappu also starts with ‘P’, decided to make it a combo on the day I prepared it. Pappu & pachi pulusu is a classic combination. I made a mildly spiced pappu but mudda pappu (dal seasoned with only salt) is also a choice to serve with pachi pulusu. Pachi is raw and pulusu is tamarind extract/water/juice in Telugu. Pulusu is also refer to tamarind based curries. Pulupu is tangy and, anything that is tangy and predominantly prepared with tamarind is pulusu.
Pachi pulusu is usually prepared in Summer’s when it is scorching hot outside and one would prefer something cool. Due to its cooling properties, pachi pulusu is usually prepared in summers and is usually served chilled. Apart from refreshing and invigorating properties, it also aides in digestion. Pachi pulusu is an easy preparation. Lot of sliced onions are added to tamarind juice, seasoned with crushed roasted chilies, salt and sugar, and a tempering is poured on top. Since pachi means raw, this pulusu is never heated, tempering is poured over the pulusu and not the other way round.
My father loved meat and could not swallow a morsel of rice without non veg. On Saturday’s he didn’t eat meat and this was his favorite combo. When I made this combo, for lunch I served myself some vadiyalu and for dinner I made some chicken fry. The recipe below serves at least 6-8 people and that is lot of pachi pulusu for just the two of us. This lasted me 2 – 3 days and enjoyed each meal. Before getting to the recipe, if you think I have become a vegetarian this month, then you are mistaken. I have non-veg recipes coming up this week.
List of few vegetables, spices and dishes with ‘P’:
Palakura – Spinach
Potlakaya – Snake Gourd
Pudina – Mint
Palli(lu) – Peanut(s) / Groundnut(s)
Pesaru Pappu – Moong Dal
Putnalu – Fried Chana Dal/Roasted Chana Dal
Paalu – Milk
Perugu – Yogurt
Pelalu/Pyalalu – Murmura (Hindi) ~ Puffed Rice
Pachadi (both chutney and pickle)
Palakura – palakura annam (spinach rice) palakura pappu (spinach dal), palakura pesaru pappu koora, palakura koora (spinach fry),
Pappu – pappu (dal), podi pappu (dal cooked like a dry curry),
Pappu Charu – pappu charu (sambar without sambar powder), pappu khut or pesaru pappu charu (moong dal), pappu khut with lime or nimmakaya pappu charu (lemon dal with moong)
Pesarlu – pesaru pappu menthi koora,
Poni annam/popu annam (Indian style fried rice)
Poornam (stuffing for bakshalu ~ pooran poli) – made with pesaru pappu and usually sugar is used
Potlakaya – potlakaya pachadi, potlakaya pesaru pappu koora
Pulihora – with lime or tamarind or mango
Pelalu – Pelalu chudva, pelala upma and my favorite of all is pelalu mixed with some crushed garlic+chili powder+salt+oil
Pachadi – is used to refer to both noorina pachadi (chutney) and niluva pachadi(pickle). Noorina pachadi, also know as roti pachadi is a chutney prepared by grinding together all the ingredients and does not have a shelf life. Rolu is stone mortar and hence roti pachadi since the pachadi is ground in a rolu, though the common usage is noorina pachi to refer to chutneys. The process of grinding using a mortar pestle is called nooradam. For this purpose, a long wooden pestle called rokali is used. The process of grinding lentils and grains for batters (idli, dosa, vada batters), a big stone pestle is used, which almost fits the mortar. This stone pestle is called potram and this process of grinding is called rubbadam. Nowadays grinders and mixies have taken over and hardly anyone uses mortar pestle for grinding. However, the word noorina is still used to differentiate between noorina pachadi (chutney) and nilliva pachadi (pickles).
Niluva pachadulu (plural) are pickles and these are also called pachadi in some areas but the most commonly used word is thokku. Except my immediate paternal family, all my relatives; both paternal, maternal and in-laws, use the word thokku(lu) for pickles.
Here is the pappu recipe.
Total Time: 33 – 40 minutes (most of the time is to soak tamarind)
Preparation: 30 – 40 minutes
Cooking Time: 3-5 minutes
Serves: 6 – 8
- ¾ – 1 cup loosely packed Tamarind (I used less than 1 cup)
- 4-5 cups Water (I used 5 cups)
- 3 Green Chilies, roasted directly on fire
- 1 small – medium sized Red Onion, sliced, approximately 1 cup
- Coriander Leaves ~ Kothimeera ~ Coriander Leaves
- 1 ½ – 2 tsp. Salt (adjust to taste)
- 1 – 2 tsp. Sugar (adjust to liking)
- 1 ½ tbsp. Oil
- ⅛ tsp. Aavalu ~ Mustard Seeds
- ¼ tsp. Jilakara ~ Jeera ~ Cumin
- 1 – 2 Dry Red Chilies
- 10 Curry Leaves
- 1 tsp. crushed Garlic
- Wash and soak tamarind in 1 cup of water for ½ hour.
- Roast green chilies on direct flame. Let cool and crush the chilies.
- Slice onions, chop cilantro and transfer to a bowl. Add green chilies to it.
- Extract tamarind juice. Add more water and squeeze tamarind to extract as much pulp as possible. Add onion mixture to tamarind juice.
- Add salt and sugar. Mix well, taste the pulusu and adjust salt and sugar accordingly. If pulusu is very tangy, add more water.
- In a small pan take oil for tempering. When oil is hot, add mustard seeds, cumin, red chilies and curry leaves. When seeds sputter, red chilies change color, add garlic and let garlic brown.
- Add turmeric powder and turn off flame.
- Pour the tempering over pulusu and stir.
- Refrigerate until ready to serve. Serve with rice and some pappu.
- Tamarind – Quantity of water, salt and sugar depends on the degree of sourness. Tanginess of tamarind varies from tree to tree. First time you make pachi pulusu, you need to adjust, water, salt and sugar to taste. Use the measurements above as a guideline.
- Green Chilies – I roasted green chilies on direct fire. If this is not possible, you could crush chilies and add it to tempering. OR in separate pan, with little oil, lightly roast chilies, either whole or crushed. If you roast whole chilies, crush it after it cools. We usually roast chilies directly on fire but these are other options you could consider.
- Onions – I used red onions but white or yellow onions can be used, though I prefer red ones. Onion might seem a lot, but trust me, it isn’t. If you are unsure, add less and you can always add more at later point. I prefer sliced onions, but diced can also be used.
- Other ingredients – This is the basic version and prefer this. Some people add little yogurt and some add sesame seed powder. Yogurt is added if pulusu is not tangy.
So far in this A-Z Journey Through Telangana Cuisine,
A for Attu Tunukala Koora
B for Biyyapattlu
C for Chegodi
D for Dondakaya Barada
E for Ellipaya Karam
F for Fenugreek (Menthi) Aaku Pesaru Pappu Koora
G for Garela Pulusu
H for Hyacinth Beans (Anapakaya) Annam
I for Iguru, Goru Chikkudukaya Iguru
J for Jonna Rotte
K for Kudumulu
L for Laddu
M for Makka Gudaalu
N for Nethichamili Muddalu
O for Odappalu